**EDITORIAL NOTE**

*This debate solely admits technical
comments expressed in due scientific language without any record of
their originators. Comments may be edited for their reduction to
essential points. We discourage the submission of arrogant or offensive
comments. The editorial rules of this Dialogue are those adopted by
Wikipedia.*

*The Editorial Team*

November 26, 2017

**Open Debate **

*Geometric and experimental
evidence on the lack of expansion of the universe, the need for
antimatter galaxies and the new era in cosmology*

*Geometric and experimental evidence on the lack of expansion of the universe, the need for antimatter galaxies and the new era in cosmology*

*EDITORIAL NOTE: In view of a growing rejection in the scientific
community of the conjecture of the expansion of the universe, the
ensuing serious problems of scientific ethics and accountability
protracted for about one century, and the apparent misuse of hundred of
millions of dollars of taxpayers money. In Part I of this Debate we shall
first present the list of inconsistencies for each of the seven
conjectures of 20th century cosmology, namely:*

Conjecture I: the expansion of the universe.

Conjecture II: the acceleration of the expansion.

Conjecture III: the big bang.

Conjecture IV: the expansion of space itself.

Conjecture V: the cosmological inflation.

Conjecture VI: the dark matter.

Conjecture VII: the dark energies.

Each conjecture proffered in support of the preceding failing conjecture, and all conjectures aimed at the maintaining of Einstein's special relativity in the large scale structure of the universe, all conjecture being studiously conceived not to be experimentally verifiable on Earth.

In Part II of this debate we shall present the diversified experimental evidence acquired with experiments Earth on the lack of expansion of the universe and the consequential lack of physical value of the subsequent six conjecture of the series. In Part III we shall then present the main lines of the new renaissance in cosmology.

The conceptual, geometric and experimental evidence on the lack of expansion of the universe presented in this debate have been derived, at times copied 'at litteram,' from the fifty year long studies by Prof. R. M. Santilli, see the recent general review [1,18-44], the specific works quoted in the references, and the Dr. R.M. Santilli Curriculum for complete listing. Independent contributions are available in the complete list of papers, interviews and PRWeb Releases [2].

*We invite orthodox physicists to present their dismissal in the
apposing window available in each section that assures anonymity of the
author. We invite, in particular, orthodox physicists in disproving
problems of scientific ethics and accountability claimed as being caused
by their continued addition of unverifiable conjectures for the evident
intent of maintaining the validity of Einstein special relativity in the
large scale structure of the universe, rather than admitting its
inapplicability as established by a rather vast number of experimental
evidence acquired on Earth.*

**PART I:
GEOMETRIC EVIDENCE ON THE LACK OF EXPANSION OF THE UNIVERSE**

**I.1. The Hubble
law.**

In 1927, the American astrophysicist Edwin Hubble [3] discovered that
the frequency of light reaching Earth from far away galaxies decreases
in a way essentially proportional to the distance, an effect known as
the *cosmological redshift,* resulting in the expression known as
the *Hubble law*

z =
λ_{observed}/λ_{emitted} - 1 = H d,
(1)

where: z is the cosmological redshift; λ_{observed} is
the wavelength of light measured on Earth; λ_{emitted} is
the wavelength emitted by the galaxy; H is the Hubble constant; d is
the distance of the considered galaxy from Earth; and the speed of light c is assumed to be 1, c = 1, otherwise law (1) would read z = H' d, where H' = H/c is also a constant. Following ninety years
of astrophysical measurements. Hubble's law (1) is nowadays an
experimental reality beyond any possible or otherwise conceivable
doubt.

**A serious contribution to this debate requires the admission
that the cosmological redshift according to Hubble's law (1) is the SOLE
experimentally measured quantity in contemporary cosmology.
**

**More particularly, the sole measured quantity is the observed wavelength of galactic light λ**

_{observed}(or equivalently, its corresponding frequency), from which the cosmological redshift z is uniquely and unambiguously derived via law (1) via known values of the emitted wavelength of galactic light. The cosmological redshift therefore characterized by the decrease (increase) of the wavelength (frequency) of galactic light.**The totality of the numerous additional "experimental
values" present in the 20th century cosmology, such as the chained speed
of recession of galaxies, ARE NOT measured, but are DERIVED from
Hubble's law (1) via one or more experimentally unverified
CONJECTURES.** ZeusSon.

*EDITORIAL NOTE: We solicit historical contributions on Hubble's
original formulation of his law (1).*